The tonsils are oval-shaped tissue masses on either side of the throat. Enlarged tonsils are a common finding and do not make them more prone to infections or tonsillitis, nor do they necessitate surgery, unless the tonsils are causing more harm than good. Tonsils may become enlarged or inflamed due to virus or bacterial infection, or other uncertain reasons. Surgery for enlarged tonsils is considered when tonsils become large enough to cause obstructed airflow obstructive sleep apnea , chronic mouth breathing or dental issues, or the frequency and severity of infections. Tonsillitis commonly affects preschool children through mid-teens, although it can occur in adults. Infections not responding to treatment or if they are occurring frequently at least five occurrences per year in consecutive years are considered chronic.
When do adults need their tonsils removed
Enlarged tonsils and adenoids: Overview - reactiveandco.com - NCBI Bookshelf
A year-old girl presented with fatigue, weight loss, and dysphagia that began several months earlier. She had restless sleep leading to daytime somnolence and poor school performance, and her family reported loud snoring. Her medical history was unremarkable, except for recurrent upper respiratory tract infections. Physical examination revealed noisy respirations with an open mouth, halitosis, and tonsillar swelling see accompanying figure. She had no fever or lymphadenopathy. Based on the patient's history and physical examination, which one of the following is the most likely diagnosis? The answer is B: hypertrophic tonsils.
Enlarged Tonsils and Fatigue
Tonsillitis is more common in children and teenagers, but there is nothing that prevents adults from getting it. Both viral and bacterial infections can cause tonsillitis, which refers to inflammation of the tonsils. Keep reading to learn more about tonsillitis in adults, including the risk factors and treatments.
NCBI Bookshelf. Created: January 17, ; Next update: A lot of children have enlarged tonsils or adenoids.